Index/Table of Contents
Old Testament and New Testament
Credits and Copyright
PASSION WEEK, CONTINUED
Content Of Lecture
1. Jesus' comment about the future (Chapter 13) - This is a difficult chapter because of its Jewishness and use of apocalyptic language; references to the destruction of the temple and Christ's return are intertwined. The chapter has nineteen imperatives so the propose was not to satisfy curiosity but to provide practical advice. (TN1)
A. Destruction of the Temple (13:1-4) - The disciples seem to assume that the destruction of the temple and the end of the world would be simultaneous events (Matthew 24:3) (DQ2)
B. Two Warnings (Mark 13:5-13)
1. Do not allow people to mislead you by pointing to historical events (Mark 13:5-81.
2. Be prepared for persecution (Mark 13:9-13).
C. The horrors associated with the "desolating sacrilege" (13:14-23) (TN3)
D. Christ's Return (Mark 13:24-27)
This generation possibly referred to mankind in general, the Jewish race, or disciples of Jesus. Over all, Jesus stated that no man knows when He will return, so we should be prepared for His return at all times; His return is a certainty.(DQ4)
E. The lesson from the Fig Tree (Mark 13:28-31)
F. The Exhortation to be Ready (Mark 13:31-37)
II. Wednesday - Jesus anointed at Bethany (Mark 14:1-11)
A. This event probably occurred on Wednesday, a time of preparation for the Passover.
B. A woman (Mary) anoints Jesus with perfume valued at approximately one year's wages for a common laborer. Jesus defends her act of sacrifice as a precursor to His death.
C. This is the time that Judas reached an agreement to betray Jesus. (DQ5)
III. Thursday and Friday - The Passover Meal
A. The Passover meal is eaten (Mark 14:12-26) - The Jewish Passover was a time for remembering Moses' leading God's people out of Egypt after centuries of slavery. It consisted of several foods which symbolized their time in Egypt The bowl of salt water was a eminder of the tears shed in Egypt. The bitter herbs used to prepare the food were a reminder of their bitter days of slavery. The date paste was a reminder of the clay used to make bricks.
The Feast of Unleavened Bread lasted one week and came to symbolize the haste with which the Israelites left Egypt (they did not have enough time for their bread to rise).
Originally, the blood of the Passover lamb was sprinkled over the doorposts and lintel of the Jewish homes so the Death Angel would pass over (Exodus 12:1-15).
B. The Lord's Supper or Communion is a reminder of Christ's sacrifice. Jewish Passover and Christian communion share several similarities including a meal shared with a group. Both observances are reminders of historical events; the foods involved are symbolic of God's work in people's lives. Both deal with leaving old ways of life for new. The lamb in the Old Testament was not God's Lamb in the New Testament, His only Son.
C. After the Supper (vs. 27-31) - they went to the Mount of Olives end Jesus told them they would fell away; Peter adamantly stated he would not leave. Jesus predicted Peter's denial. (DQ7)
IV. The Arrest (Mark 14:32-52) (TN8)
A. Gethsemane - Jesus prayed; He took His inner circle of three disciples into the garden to pray. He was under tremendous stress as communicated in His words, "my soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death." This stress was seen physically in the description of His sweating blood in Luke 22:44. (DQ9)
B. Jesus facing death - in the course of a few hours, He had been betrayed by one of His closest Fiends and the men with him in the garden could not even stay awake. He was alone. His relationship to His Fther was seen in the words, "Abba, Father," The familiar Hebrew term (the Engish equivalent is "Daddy:" He did not want to die but was willing to be obedient to His father. The cross was a voluntary act of obedience John 10:17-18).
C. Judas arrives (vs. 43-52) -Judas had sold Jesus for thirty pieces of silver (approximately $18), the average price of a slave. He kissed Jesus to identify him for the Temple guards, who had no real civil authority. There was a brief struggle but Jesus stopped it quickly. (DQ10)
1. Read Mark 14:53-15:47 red John 18:12-19:30
2. Read Hester, pp. 204-219 or Gundry, pp. 187-193
3. Compare Psalm 22:14-18 and Isaiah 53 to John 19:16-34. Do you notice the uncanny similarities?
TN1 Mark is not concerned with giving a strictly chronological account. Jesus' conversation was due to remarks made by a disciple regarding the apparent permanence of the temple. There is significant disagreement among scholars as to the interpretation of this passage. As with other apocalyptic passages where symbolism and vivid imagery are utilized, one's interpretation should be tempered with humility.
TN3 From Daniel 9:27, 11:31; and 12:11 we know that the "abomination of desolation" has to do with profaning the temple in Jerusalem. Mark's Gospel associates this with historical events surrounding the destruction of Jerusalem (circa AD. 70).
TN8 See John 14-17 for a more complete account of the garden events, especially Jesus' prayers.
DQ2 Why might they assume that?
DQ4 What must take place for Jesus to return? Did Jesus' followers believe what He said here? Why or why not?
DQ5 Why do you think Judas chose to betray Jesus? Why did Jewish officials need the help of Judas when Jesus spoke publicly and was easy to find?
DQ 6 An interesting note at the Supper is when Jesus tells his disciples that one of them will betray Him and they each ask Him, one at a time, "Is it I?" Mark 14:19). Why would they do this? Had they each considered this idea?
DQ7 Do you think Peter was sincere when he vouched his loyalty? Mark 14:29-19? If he was sincere, why did he turn on Jesus so quickly?
DQ9 What was Jesus requesting when he asked God to remove the cup from Him?
DQ10 Why were the authorities so heavily armed? Why might it have been easier for Jesus' disciples to fight in his defense rather than allow Him to be taken as a criminal'
Updated Thursday, February 24, 2000
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